ASN Report 2022

2.4.2 The High Council for Public Health The High Council for Public Health (HCSP), created by Act 2004‑806 of 9 August 2004 concerning public health policy, is a scientific and technical consultative body reporting to the Minister responsible for health. It contributes to defining the multi-year public health objectives, reviews the attainment of national public health objectives and contributes to their annual monitoring. Together with the health agencies, it provides the public authorities with the expertise necessary for managing health risks and for defining and evaluating prevention and health safety policies and strategies. It also anticipates future developments and provides advice on public health issues. 2.4.3 The High Council for Prevention of Technological Risks Consultation about technological risks takes place before the High Council for Prevention of Technological Risks (CSPRT), created by Ordinance 2010‑418 of 27 April 2010. Alongside representatives of the State, the Council comprises licensees, qualified personalities and representatives of environmental associations. The CSPRT, which takes over from the high council for classified facilities, has seen the scope of its remit extended to pipelines transporting gas, hydrocarbons and chemicals, as well as to BNIs. The Government is required to submit Ministerial Orders concerning BNIs to the CSPRT for its opinion. ASN may also submit resolutions relating to BNIs to it. By Decree of 28 December 2016, the scope of competence of the CSPRT was again expanded. A standing sub-committee responsible for preparing the Council’s opinions in the field of PE takes the place of the Central Committee for Pressure Equipment (CCAP). The role of this sub-committee is to examine non-regulatory decisions falling within this scope of competence. It comprises members of the various administrations concerned, persons chosen for their particular competence and representatives of the PE manufacturers and users and of the technical and professional organisations concerned. It must be referred to by the Government and by ASN for all questions relating to Ministerial Orders concerning PE. The accident files concerning this equipment are also copied to it. 2.4.4 The Local Information Committees and the National Association of Local Information Committees and Commissions The CLIs for BNIs are tasked with a general duty of monitoring, information and consultation on the subject of nuclear safety, radiation protection and the impact of nuclear activities on humans and the environment, with respect to the facilities on the site or sites which concern them. They may request expert assessments or have measurements taken on the installation’s discharges into the environment. The CLIs, whose creation is incumbent upon the President of the General Council of the département, comprise various categories of members: representatives of département General Councils, of the municipal councils or representative bodies of the groups of communities and the Regional Councils concerned, members of Parliament elected in the département, representatives of environmental protection associations, economic interests and representative trade union and medical profession union organisations, and qualified personalities. The status of the CLIs was defined by the TSN Act of 13 June 2006 and by Articles R.125‑50 et seq. of the Environment Code. It was reinforced by the 2015 TECV Act. The duties and activities of the CLIs are described in chapter 5. The roles of the Local Information Committees and the National Association of Local Information Committees and Commissions (Anccli) are to represent the CLIs in dealings with the national and European authorities and to provide assistance to the commissions with regard to questions of common interest. ASN INTERNATIONAL AUDITS (IRRS MISSIONS) IAEA’s Integrated Regulatory Review Service (IRRS) missions are designed to improve and reinforce the efficiency of national nuclear regulatory frameworks, while recognising the ultimate responsibility of each State to ensure safety in this field. These missions take account of the regulatory, technical and strategic aspects, make comparisons with the IAEA safety standards and, as applicable, take account of good practices observed in other countries. These audits are the result of the European Nuclear Safety Directive which requires a peer review mission every ten years. RECORD OF MISSIONS IN FRANCE 2006: ASN hosted the first IRRS mission concerning all the activities of a safety regulator. 2009: IRRS follow-up mission. 2014: new review mission extended to include management of security/safety interfaces. 2017: follow-up mission in October to assess the steps taken following the review carried out at the end of 2014, with the following findings and recommendations: ■ implementation of measures to address 15 of the 16 recommendations; ■ achievement of significant progress in improving its management system; ■ drafting of general policy principles including safety culture aspects in training, self-evaluation and management; ■ achievement of efficiency gains across all activities; ■ need to continue improving resources management to ensure that they enable future challenges to be met, more particularly the periodic safety reviews, the NPP operating life extension, the graded approach to issues, plus new responsibilities, such as supervision of the supply chain and the security of radioactive sources. The reports for the 2006, 2009, 2014 and 2017 IRRS missions are available for consultation on ASN considers that by contributing to the adoption of the best international practices, the IRRS missions constitute a tool for the continuous improvement of safety worldwide. At the request of ASN, a further IRRS mission is scheduled in France for March 2024. In addition, ASN experts took part in 2022 in IRRS missions in Slovenia, Argentina, Finland, Sweden and Bosnia and Herzegovina. 134 ASN Report on the state of nuclear safety and radiation protection in France in 2022 • 02 • The principles of nuclear safety and radiation protection and the regulation and oversight stakeholders 02