ASN Report 2022

Regulation of nuclear activities and exposure to ionising radiation 1 V erifying that the licensee assumes its responsibilities p. 146 1.1 The principles of ASN’s oversight duties 1.2 The scope of regulation of nuclear activities 2 Ensuring that regulation is proportionate to the implications p. 147 2.1 Oversight by ASN 2.2 Internal checks performed by the licensees 2.2.1 Internal monitoring of the licensees of Basic Nuclear Installations 2.2.2 Internal monitoring of radiation protection by the users of ionising radiation sources 2.3 ASN approval of organisations and laboratories 3 P erforming efficient regulation and oversight p. 150 3.1 Inspection 3.1.1 Inspection objectives and principles 3.1.2 Inspection resources implemented 3.1.3 Inspection of Basic Nuclear Installations and Pressure Equipment 3.1.4 Inspection of radioactive substances transport 3.1.5 Inspection of small-scale nuclear activities 3.1.6 Inspection of ASN approved organisations and laboratories 3.1.7 Checks on exposure to Radon and Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials 3.2 Analysis of the demonstrations provided by the licensee 3.2.1 Analysis of the files transmitted by BNI licensees 3.2.2 Review of the applications required by the Public Health Code 3.3 Lessons learned from significant events 3.3.1 Anomaly detection and analysis approach 3.3.2 Implementation of the approach 3.3.3 Technical inquiries held in the event of an incident or accident concerning a nuclear activity 3.3.4 Statistical summary of events 3.4 Raising the awareness of professionals and cooperating with the other administrations 3.5 Information about ASN’s regulatory activity 4 M onitoring the impact of nuclear activities and radioactivity in the environment p. 157 4.1 Monitoring discharges and the environmental and health impact of nuclear activities 4.1.1 Monitoring of discharges 4.1.2 Evaluating the radiological impact of nuclear activities 4.1.3 Monitoring within the European framework 4.2 Environmental monitoring 4.2.1 The French National Network for Environmental Radioactivity Monitoring 4.2.2 The purpose of environmental monitoring 4.2.3 Content of monitoring 4.2.4 Environmental monitoring nationwide by IRSN 4.3 Laboratories approved by ASN to guarantee measurement quality 4.3.1 Laboratory approval procedure 4.3.2 The approval commission 4.3.3 Approval conditions 5 Inspections concerning fraud and processing of reported cases p. 164 5.1 Monitoring of fraud 5.2 Processing of reported cases 6 I dentifying and correcting deviations p. 166 6.1 Enforcement measures and administrative sanctions 6.2 The action taken following criminal violations 03 ASN Report on the state of nuclear safety and radiation protection in France in 2022 145