ASN Report 2022

In order to approve the applicant organisations, ASN ensures that they perform the inspections in accordance with their technical, organisational and ethical obligations and in compliance with the rules of professional good practice. Compliance with these provisions should enable the required level of quality to be obtained and maintained. ASN ensures that benefit is gained from the approval, in particular through regular exchanges with the organisations it has approved and the mandatory submission of an annual report. In 2021, the Organisations Approved for Radiation Protection (OARP) verifications carried out 87,304 verifications, with the breakdown per type of source and per field being given in Table 2. The reports of the verifications performed in each facility by the OARP verifications are at the disposal of and examined by ASN personnel on the occasion of: ∙ licence renewals or modifications requiring ASN authorisation; ∙ inspections. Examination of these reports on the one hand makes it possible to check that the mandatory verifications have actually been carried out and, on the other, enables the licensees to be questioned about the steps taken to remedy any nonconformities. ASN also approves laboratories to conduct analyses requiring a high level of measurement quality if the results are to be usable. It thus approves laboratories to monitor radioactivity in the environment (see point 4.3). The updated list of approvals issued by ASN is available on In addition, on the advice of the standing sub-committee in charge of the transport of hazardous goods within the High Council for the Prevention of Technological Risks, ASN approved: ∙ the training organisations for drivers of vehicles carrying radioactive materials; two organisations have been approved; ∙ the organisations responsible for certifying the conformity of packaging designed to contain 0.1 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride (UF6); ∙ the organisations responsible for type approval of tank containers and swap tanks intended for the carriage of class 7 dangerous goods; ∙ the organisations responsible for the initial and periodic inspections of tanks intended for the carriage of class 7 dangerous goods. Two organisations are approved for the qualification of tank- containers and for certification of the conformity of UF6 packaging. As at 31 December 2022, the following are approved or accredited by ASN: ∙ 23 organisations responsible for radiation protection verifications. Four approval renewals were delivered in 2022; ∙ 83 organisations tasked with measuring radon activity concentration in buildings. Fifteen of them are approved to identify sources and means of radon ingress into buildings. In 2022, ASN issued 52 new approvals or approval renewals; ∙ 4 organisations qualified for NPE inspections as part of the new NPE conformity assessment; ∙ 2 organisations qualified for NPE inspections as part of in-service monitoring; ∙ 3 organisations qualified for PE and simple pressure vessels within the perimeter of BNIs (in-service monitoring); ∙ 17 inspection departments qualified for in-service monitoring of NPE and simple pressure vessels within the perimeter of NPPs; ∙ 67 laboratories for environmental radioactivity measurements covering 978 approvals, of which 139 are approvals or approval renewals delivered during 2022. In 2022, the regulations on radon measurement in Public Access Buildings (PAB) changed: ∙ resolution 2022‑DC‑0743 of 13 October 2022 replaces resolution 2009‑DC‑0134 of 7 April 2009. The main modification corresponds to the removal of approval level 1 option B for radon screening, as well as the checks on the effectiveness and durability of the mitigation techniques in cavities and underground structures, because no PAB have been identified underground. The other changes or clarifications incorporated into the text are the following: details of approval and withdrawal of approval, extension of the maximum duration of the first approval, which is raised from one year to two years, simplification of the file to be provided when the organisation holds an accreditation, revision of the composition of the approval commission and updating of the content of the approval application file and the required content of the reports and report templates; ∙ resolution 2022‑DC‑0744 of 13 October 2022 replaces resolution 2009‑DC‑0136 of 7 April 2009. The drafting was revised with regard to the teaching objectives and level of competence to be acquired, expressed in terms of knowledge and know-how. The minimum duration of level 2 training is increased to 14 hours instead of one day, and the breakdown between theory and practical modules is specified; ∙ resolution 2022‑DC‑0745 of 13 October 2022 replaces resolution 2015‑DC‑0507 of 9 April 2015. The PAB health and environment information system (SISE-PAB) will be superseded by the application, which is simpler to use and creates a historical record of the results. The three resolutions also update the current provisions, by incorporating the text and the new regulatory references of the Public Health Code derived from the 2018 Decree. The ASN resolutions concerning the organisations approved for measurement of radon will also be updated in order to take account notably of the recent changes to the Labour Code because, since 1 January 2022, only accredited organisations can conduct the initial verification of workplaces mentioned in Article R. 4451-44 of the Labour Code. In 2023, the regulations concerning the verifications performed and services provided by the Organisation Approved for Radiation Protection (OARP) will change. Since 1 January 2023, the Order of 24 October 2022 relative to the procedures and frequencies of the checks on the rules put into place by the person responsible for a nuclear activity repealed ASN resolution 2010‑DC‑0175 of 4 February 2010 defining the procedures for verification of the OARP. This text modifies the scope of the OARP verifications. The Order applies to medical and industrial nuclear activities subject to the notification, registration and authorisation systems set out in the Public Health Code and when these activities generates effluents or waste contaminated by radionuclides, or liable to be so contaminated, including by activation. It does not apply to nuclear activities from which the only waste generated is inseparable activated parts of a particle accelerator, as defined in Appendix 13-8 to the Public Health Code. In 2023, an ASN resolution will supplement the rules that the person responsible for a nuclear activity is required to have checked by an OARP or by IRSN, specified in the Order of ASN Report on the state of nuclear safety and radiation protection in France in 2022 149 • 03 • Regulation of nuclear activities and exposure to ionising radiation 01 03 07 08 13 AP 04 10 06 12 14 09 05 11 02